Islamic Garden

Islamic Garden
Islamic Garden in Lausanne, Switzerland

Saturday, June 9, 2007

The First And The Last Judge

The Satpanthi (True Path) tradition of Islam from the Indian sub-continent prides itself on its "ginanic tradition" - devotional hymns which were inspired by the mystical dimension of Islam. Here is one such ginan offered by a murid of the Imam, expressing a Shia Imami Ismaili Muslim 's interpretation of the essence of al-Fatiha. (Please refer to Hazrat Ali on al-Fatiha):


hak tu(n) paak tu(n) baadshaah maher baan bee Ya Ali tu(n)hi tu...1
You are the Just, You are the Pure,
Oh Ali the Gracious Heavenly King, You are indeed all.

rab tu(n) rahemaan tu(n) ya ali aval akhar kazi tu(n)hi tu........2
You are the Lord, You are the Merciful,
Oh Ali, You are the First and the Last Judge, You are indeed all.

te upaayaa te nipaayaa sirjann haar ya ali tu(n)hi tu.............3
You are the one who originated and You are the one who created,
Oh Ali you the Creator, You are indeed all.

jal thal mull mandal haar naa ya ali hukam teraa bi tu(n)hi tu....4
In the water and on the land, You have laid the roots (foundations, of creation),
Oh Ali everything therein and on is at Your command, You are indeed all.

teri dostee me boliyaa peer shamsh me bandaa teraa bi tu(n)hi tu..5
In Your friendship says Pir Shamsh: "I am also Your created being",
You are indeed all.

~ translated by Karim Maherali, Calgary, Canada

Dear Jalaledin,

Al-fatiha begins with mention of Allah and his most compassionate
attributes of the beneficient and merciful. The ginan gives the same
sense when it uses the words haq - the truth, pak - the pure without any prejudice and badshah maherban - the gracious king.

Then it expresses praise to the Lord of the worlds which finds resonance
in the words rab - the Lord, raheman - the merciful, the mention of the originator and creator of the universes and of everything being at
his command.

The words haq - the just, the awal- first and the akhar - last, qazi - judge gives the sense of the Lord of the Day of Judgement and the underlying justice in creation.

The final verse mentioning friendship and submission to Ali gives the sense of being in favour and following the right path.

Hence the entire ginan does convey al-fatiha.


Karim Maherali completed the Institute of Ismaili Studies' Waezeen and Teacher Educator Programme in 1987. Prior to that, Karim received his B.Sc. with Honors in Actuarial Sciences from City University, London. Karim received his M.A. in Education in Developing Countries (Planning, Management and Curriculum) from the University of London in 1985.

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